Douhet's Concept The concept of "area bombing" was loosely based on the original theories of Giulio Douhet. According to Douhet, target cities would be subjected to successive waves of bombers carrying different kinds of bombs. The first wave was to carry high explosives for destroying structures, infrastructure, roads and rail lines.
Visit Website Did you know? As early asin his memoir and propaganda tract "Mein Kampf" My StruggleAdolf Hitler had predicted a general European war that would result in "the extermination of the Jewish race in Germany.
In the mids, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet UnionHitler sent troops to occupy Austria in and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it was attacked by Germany.
The pact with Stalin meant that Hitler would not face a war on two fronts once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet assistance in conquering and dividing the nation itself. On September 17, Soviet troops invaded Poland from the east.
Under attack from both sides, Poland fell quickly, and by early Germany and the Soviet Union had divided control over the nation, according to a secret protocol appended to the Nonaggression Pact. In fact, the Germans broke through the line with their tanks and planes and continued to the rear, rendering it useless.
Hitler now turned his attention to Britain, which had the defensive advantage of being separated from the Continent by the English Channel. To pave the way for an amphibious invasion dubbed Operation Sea LionGerman planes bombed Britain extensively throughout the summer ofincluding night raids on London and other industrial centers that caused heavy civilian casualties and damage.
Arguments between Hitler and his commanders delayed the next German advance until October, when it was stalled by a Soviet counteroffensive and the onset of harsh winter weather. World War II in the Pacific With Britain facing Germany in Europe, the United States was the only nation capable of combating Japanese aggression, which by late included an expansion of its ongoing war with China and the seizure of European colonial holdings in the Far East.
On December 7,Japanese aircraft attacked the major U. Germany and the other Axis Powers promptly declared war on the United States. After a long string of Japanese victories, the U.
Pacific Fleet won the Battle of Midway in Junewhich proved to be a turning point in the war. On Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, the Allies also had success against Japanese forces in a series of battles from August to Februaryhelping turn the tide further in the Pacific.
In mid, Allied naval forces began an aggressive counterattack against Japan, involving a series of amphibious assaults on key Japanese-held islands in the Pacific.
The approach of winter, along with dwindling food and medical supplies, spelled the end for German troops there, and the last of them surrendered on January 31, Soviet troops soon advanced into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, while Hitler gathered his forces to drive the Americans and British back from Germany in the Battle of the Bulge December Januarythe last major German offensive of the war.
An intensive aerial bombardment in February preceded the Allied land invasion of Germany, and by the time Germany formally surrendered on May 8, Soviet forces had occupied much of the country.
Hitler was already dead, having committed suicide on April 30 in his Berlin bunker.World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries. Sparked by the Nazi invasion of Poland, the war dragged on for six bloody years until the Allies defeated Nazi Germany and Japan in Is the deliberate mass murder of civilians on a huge scale ever justified?
This article does not have an answer for this question. However, it is important to note that this was a very specific goal of England and America in World War II as the quotes above show. History of the United States Marine Corps in World War II. Includes HTML versions of various volumes of 'History of U.S.
Marine Corps Operations in World War II', 'Marines in World War II Commemorative Series', the Historical Monograph series, and the Order of Battle of the US Marine Corps.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.), Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (), and Southeast Europe from 22 June to 9 May It has been known as the Great Patriotic War (Russian: ru:Великая.
The First World War (WWI) was fought from to and the Second World War (or WWII) was fought from to They were the largest military conflicts in human history. Both wars involved military alliances between different groups of countries.
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