Tomato growth ripening and postharvest physiology

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Tomato growth ripening and postharvest physiology

Tomato growth ripening and postharvest physiology

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Abstract Polyphenols of fruits and vegetables form an important part of human dietary compounds. Relatively little is known about accumulation of phenolics during fruits ripening process.

The goal of this work was to study the changes in antioxidant activity and in content of 30 polyphenols during ripening of tomato fruits. Five organically and conventionally grown tomato cultivars were investigated at three different ripening stages. During ripening, four different changing patterns were observed: Similar change patterns were found for organic and conventional fruits.

The accumulation patterns of phenolic compounds were similar in standard-type tomatoes but differed in several cases in cherry-type cultivar. Although contents of some polyphenols decreased during ripening, total phenolics and free radical scavenging activity increased in all studied cultivars and in case of both cultivation modes.

The changes in content of phenolic compounds during ripening were greatly influenced by cultivars, but cultivation mode had only minor impact on dynamics in polyphenols contents in tomato fruits. Introduction Tomato fruit is one of the most consumed agricultural crops worldwide, cultivated in fields, greenhouses, or small home gardens.

Tomato fruits have high nutritional value and additionally contain a variety of natural antioxidants, like lycopene and other carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and phenolic compounds [ 1 ].

Growing interest in polyphenols of tomato fruits is particularly connected with their antioxidant properties and possible positive health effects [ 2 ]. Fruit ripening is a biologically complex process, typically involving changes in chemical composition, pigmentation, texture, flavor, and other organoleptic characteristics [ 34 ].

Tomato fruit ripening is widely studied, mainly to investigate the nutritional quality parameters, postharvesting storage conditions, and self-life extending possibilities.

Although the phenylpropanoid pathway, which produces a range of secondary metabolites, including phenolic compounds, is well known [ 5 ], only limited data is available on accumulation of polyphenols, especially in organic fruits, during ripening [ 346 — 10 ].

During ripening, the tomato skin properties change [ 11 ]; fruits soften; due to chlorophyll degradation and lycopene synthesis, the green color is turning red; ethylene production increases in the respiration rate; synthesis of sugars, acids, and aroma compounds takes place [ 312 ].

They found no significant variation in Zn, P, Na, and K concentrations, but the content of Ca and Mg tended to decrease and Se content to increase. During ripening, the total antioxidant activity increased mainly due to the increase of lipophilic antioxidants, especially lycopene [ 15 ].

Regarding polyphenols, Giovanelli et al. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in polyphenols content and antioxidant capacities during ripening of organically and conventionally cultivated tomato fruits.

Introduction

Materials and Methods 2. Soil at the site was classified as a soddy-podzolic sandy loam. Four standard-type tomato cultivars cvs.

Maike, MalleF1, Valve, and Erk and a cherry-type cultivar cv Gartenfreude were randomly selected for the study, based on good yield and disease resistance.

Postharvest and Storage Management

Cultivar Erk has the heaviest and the largest fruits average weight g and cv Gartenfreude the lightest and the smallest ones 25 g. The organic and conventional cultivation conditions are in detail described in our previous paper [ 17 ]. Tomato fruits from both cultivation conditions, forming a sample of 0.

The DPA of cherry-type cultivar were 40, 44, and 46, respectively. The fruits were sliced into segments containing flesh, skin, and seeds. Methanol and acetonitrile were purchased from Romil Cambridge, UK.Postharvest Technology Center, UC Davis, March , Ripening physiology Quality of Tomatoes Types and varieties Conventional & ESL MG & VR stages Growing areas Growing seasons All Impact Final Quality Tomato Type & Composition, U.S.

Retail Tomato Type Ripening tomatoes. Sydney Postharvest Laboratory Information Sheet caninariojana.com [email protected] Beneficial Postharvest Applications Table 2: Ripening conditions for some fruit using ethylene. Polyphenols of fruits and vegetables form an important part of human dietary compounds.

Relatively little is known about accumulation of phenolics during fruits ripening process. The goal of this work was to study the changes in antioxidant activity and in content of 30 polyphenols during ripening of tomato fruits.

Five organically and conventionally grown tomato . Citation: Luyckx A, Lechaudel M, Hubert O, et al. Banana physiological post-harvest disorders: a caninariojana.com Food Process Technol. ;3(1)‒DOI: Summary Control of ripening of tomatoes through the management of ethylene physiology and its exposure to tomatoes is a vital component in the postharvest physiology of tomato slices.

In order to retard or prevent quality loss in fresh-cut tomato slices, . Postharvest Physiology & Pathology of Vegetables, 2 nd Ed () • The growth pattern is a simple sigmoidal curve. • Ripening tomatoes and melons produce ethylene, which can influence ripening rates of other commodities and enhance yellowing of immature green fruits.

Introduction to fruit crops (Chapter 1 of text) | Fruit Crops