Sufism the islamic mysticism essay

Origins[ edit ] Nasr was born in in south-central Tehran to Seyyed Valiallah, who was a physician to the Persian royal family, and one of the founders of modern education in Iran. During his studies there he became acquainted with the works of the Traditionalist authority Frithjof Schuon. Nasr had been a disciple of Frithjof Schuon for over fifty years and his works are based on the doctrine and the viewpoints of the perennial philosophy.

Sufism the islamic mysticism essay

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Today, very few are aware of this legacy. Might the Sufis now provide an important contribution to the stability of the country? By Marian Brehmer For many, the thought of Afghanistan evokes associations with implacable fundamentalism and hopelessly backward and belligerent tribal cultures.

Very few people would associate this country in the Hindu Kush with Sufism, the mystical dimension of Islam that has long played a significant role in the countries of central and southern Asia.

Sufism: A Soft Form of Islam? - The term has come to mean those who are interested in inner knowledge, those who are interested in finding a way or practice towards inner awakening and enlightenment.
Neoplatonism and Sufism Sufi Islam Sufism The term "Sufi" derives from the Arabic word "suf" meaning "wool" and was applied to Muslim ascetics and mystics because they wore garments made out of wool. Sufism represents a dimension of Islamic religious life that has frequently been viewed by Muslim theologians and lawyers with suspicion.
Sufism A Soft Form of Islam? Sufism, Islamic mysticism, enjoys great popularity in the West, including in Germany.
IRFI - Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc. It was his paradigm that paved the way for mysticism to enter Islamic philosophy. Neoplatonism, which has remained one of the salient features of Islamic philosophy, has performed two functions:
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Even fewer observers today would regard Afghanistan as the cradle of a moderate and sensitive Islamic culture that has made significant contributions to poetry and music.

Nonetheless, Afghanistan is inseparably linked to the history of Sufism. The city of Herat, which became famous as a centre of Sufi poetry, still bears the epithet "Land of the Holy. One might ask why the public discussion on Islam and Afghanistan hardly, if ever, mentions the topic of Sufismespecially as the majority of Muslims in southern Asia are linked in one way or another to a Sufi order.

Sufism the islamic mysticism essay

Is it due, perhaps, to the fact that outsiders generally perceive Sufism, and for that matter all mystical traditions, as unworldly and anachronistic? The book "Embattled Saints" sheds light on the long spiritual tradition of Afghanistan.

The author, Kenneth Lizzio, an American anthropologist and expert on Sufism, offers an account of his research into an Afghan Sufi order during the s. He anchors his narrative in the history of Afghanistan and Sufism.

A Soft Form of Islam?

InLizzio was sent to Afghanistan by the American government as part of a project to quell the production of opium. Disillusioned with American academia, which ignored Sufism or, at most, only regarded it in connection with political or economic factors, Lizzio began his search for living Sufi communities in the country.

He found what he was looking for in the tribal areas on the Afghan-Pakistani border. There, he discovered a Sufi order that had existed for centuries.

The Isma‘ili Tradition

Lizzio encountered warm-hearted and educated people in the order, which, despite threats from fundamentalists, has managed to maintain its traditions. His book is a unique report on his year living together with Afghan Sufis.

For a long time, Sufism very much characterized Islam as practiced in Afghanistan. The development of fundamentalism, by contrast, is a relatively modern phenomenon, which can be traced back to the war against the Soviets in the s.

Sufism is tightly bound to the history of Afghanistan in many respects. While its formative years were marked by the ascetic lifestyle of the Sufis, its adherents soon assumed important positions in both the spiritual and worldly spheres of life in Afghanistan.

Sufism the islamic mysticism essay

In particular, Sufis from the Naqshbandi order became the advisors of kings and princes and oversaw the religious and spiritual education of hundreds of thousands of Muslims.

Afghan kings were traditionally crowned in the presence of a great Sufi master. The Sufis, however, were also involved in revolts against political rulers. Inas King Amanullah rose to power under colonialism, the Sufis felt their position in society under threat. Amanullah decreed that Afghanistan undergo a radical programme of modernization, which would diminish the influence of religion and tribal law.Also on this page: See reports from the Annual General Meeting of the Society in London, a round-up of the Society's activities in (pdf file mb).; Manuscripts .

Although Shahak’s books are quite short, they contain such a density of astonishing material, it would take many, many thousands of words to begin to summarize them. Dec 11,  · Words: Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Sufism is more than just "the inner or esoteric dimension of Islam," (Nasr 5).

Sufism is one of the few spiritual paths that recognizes, embraces, and encourages a universal religious sentiment that transcends differences of gender, culture, and politics.

Mar 07,  · Practically, Sufism represents the esoteric dimension of Islam in its purest form, while theoretically salient features of Islamic mysticism were gradually incorporated into the Islamic philosophical tradition.

Interviews of the writer Mohsin Hamid: print, audio, and video. Ayoub Laissouf Sufism Introduction Beside the exterior cannon law (sharia) exists the interior way (tariqa) of mysticism which is a religious movement within Shii and Sunni Islam.

Sufism Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines