Thornton, Thornton tells the story of how her parents parented her throughout her childhood. As authoritative as the Thorntons is, they are responsive to their children and willing to listen to questions about why they act the way they do towards their children as their parents. As parents they want their children to be self-confident as well as socially responsible and cooperative. When it comes to parenting there are many styles that parents use when parenting their children and each style can have an effect on their children as they grow.
Posted on April 27, by Emily Hughes Lucy Martin and Virginia Hite You may not know it, but your day-to-day behavior, from the way you drive to the tone of your voice, is shaping the way your child will act for the rest of their life. Psychologists refer to this as the influence of parent socialization, the way children learn the behaviors and skills necessary to interact in their everyday lives.
They also influence them unintentionally through their own daily actions, such as conversing with other adults while their child is present. Children are very prone to imitate the actions of those around them, especially adults.
This was made clear in the Bobo Doll experiment done by Bandura, in which children that saw adults beating up a Bobo Doll did the same things to the doll. Although all parents influence their children through similar avenues, the ultimate affect on the child differs on parenting style. Parenting styles can differ significantly from one family to another.
There are four main categories of parent child interactions, based on their level of demandingness and responsiveness. A parent who rates high in both demandingness and responsiveness is considered authoritative.
An example of this was when Virginia was five years old, she took a Barbie from her friend, which made the friend very upset.
Virginia was made to understand that her actions were wrong, but was not overly criticized for her behavior. A more aggressive type of parent is referred to as authoritarian, which rates high in demandingness and low in responsiveness.
An example of an authoritative parent would be one that demands that their kids get good grades, but do not support them or give them any recognition when they do well. An authoritarian paren t would also expect their rules to be enforced without question, no matter the situation, and would employ severe consequences if they were not met.
These two parenting styles are both characterized by high expectations, however authoritative is more willing to compromise and communicate with their kids. The next two styles are defined as parents that neglect their children in different ways.
Permissive parents are highly responsive to their children, but neglect the demanding side of parenting. These parents do not discipline their children much at all, but are responsive to all their desires and wishes.
A parent that is very permissive would likely buy their children whatever they want, and allow them to stay out as late as they want. A more extreme version of this this would be parents that are completely disengaged in responsiveness and demandingness, and are considered rejecting-neglecting.
Both of these parenting styles have very negative impacts on their children. The type of household a child grows up in is strongly correlated with the behaviors exhibited throughout development.
Children of authoritative parents are usually capable, self-assured, and popular in their social life. These children are more likely to have and incremental view of intelligence, where they associate effort with a positive outcome.
Baumrind, a well renowned psychiatric researcher, says that when they reach adolescence, these kids are relatively high in academic performance and low in drug use and delinquent behavior. Authoritarian parents tend to have children that are unhappy and have low self-esteem, and keep to themselves.
This is most likely a result of the intense pressure from their parents to be successful, and can often result in the opposite effect, with their children doing poorly in school. The children of permissive parents have the ability to do just about anything they want, so they tend to be impulsive and perform poorly in school.Children growing up with this parenting style are exposed to an indifferent environment, without any guidance or support and are most likely to be depressed, .
What effect do these parenting styles have on child development outcomes? In addition to Baumrind's initial study of preschool children, researchers have conducted other studies that have led to a number of conclusions about the impact of .
What effect do these parenting styles have on child development outcomes?
In addition to Baumrind's initial study of preschool children, researchers have conducted other studies that have led to a number of conclusions about the impact of parenting styles on children.
Parenting styles are categorized based on two dimensions of parenting behavior: Demandingness refers to the extend parents control their children’s behavior or demand their maturity.
Responsiveness refers to the degree parents are accepting and sensitive to their children’s emotional and developmental needs. Parenting styles are categorized based on two dimensions of parenting behavior: Demandingness refers to the extend parents control their children’s behavior or demand their maturity.
Responsiveness refers to the degree parents are accepting and sensitive to their children’s emotional and developmental needs. Passive Parenting Style; What Effect Does Parenting Style Have on Children in School? Parenting style can affect multiple aspects of a child's life.
Common areas studied include: Self-esteem ; Self-discipline and motivation ; Behavior ; Socialization ; Each parenting style correlates with different findings in these areas, and each of these areas has a distinct impact on overall educational outcomes.