Liver damage especially prevalent in abuse of drugs that combine opiates with acetaminophen. Brain damage due to hypoxia, resulting from respiratory depression.
Depressants are psychoactive drugs which temporarily diminish the normal function of the brain and central nervous system. These drugs include opiates and opioidsbarbituratesbenzodiazepinestranquilizers and alcohol.
Due to their effects, these drugs can be referred to as "downers". Types of Depressants Alcohol Alcohol is the most frequently used depressant.
Types of alcohol include beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is a psychoactive drug that reduces attention and slows reaction speed. Alcohol intoxication affects the brain, causing slurred speech, clumsiness, and delayed reflexes. Other physiological effects include altered perception of space and time, reduced psychomotor skills, disrupting equilibrium.
The immediate effects of a large amount of alcohol include spurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting. Even at low doses, alcohol significantly impairs judgment and coordination. Barbiturates Barbiturates are a group of drugs known as sedative-hypnotics, creating sleep-inducing and anxiety-decreasing effects.
Barbiturates produce effects from mild sedation to total anesthesia. Barbiturates can be injected into veins or muscles, but usually taken in pill form. They are sedatives used to treat insomniaanxietyand seizures.
Barbiturates produce similar effects during intoxication. Symptoms of barbiturate intoxication include respiratory depression, lowered blood pressure, fatigue, fever, unusual excitement, irritability, dizziness, poor concentration, sedation, confusion, impaired coordination, impaired judgment, addiction, and respiratory arrest which may lead to death.
Users report that a barbiturate high gives feelings of relaxed contentment and euphoria. The main risk of abuse is respiratory depression. Other effects of barbiturate intoxication include drowsiness, lateral and vertical nystagmus, slurred speech and ataxia, decreased anxiety and loss of inhibitions.
Benzodiazephine Benzodiazepine, commonly referred to as "benzo", are most commonly used to treat insomnia and anxiety. Benzodiazepines are used to produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety and muscle spasms, and to prevent seizures.
In general, they act as hypnotics in high doses, anxiolytics in moderate doses, and sedatives in low doses. Opiates and Opioids Opiates are found in opium. The major active opiates found in opium are morphinecodeinethebaine, and papaverine.
Semi-synthetic opioid such as heroinoxycodoneand hydrocodone are derived from these substances as well.
Opiates can be injected, snorted, or smoked. The short-term effect of opiate abuse consists of a surge of euphoria coupled with a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following initial euphoria, users alternate between a wakeful and drowsy state.
Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Tranquilizers Tranquilizers are used to treat anxiety or problems with sleep. They have a calming effect by depressing the nervous system in a way similar to alcohol.
They are the most commonly prescribed psychiatric medications. They produce a relaxing and anxiety-reducing effect. Minor tranquilizers have direct depressant effects on brain areas that regulate wakefulness and alertness.
They enhance the action of receptors that stimulate the nervous system. Major tranquilizers primarily affect specific receptors in the brain that reduce psychotic thoughts, perceptions and agitation. Side Effects General side effects may include:Health Effects of Teen Substance Abuse While some teenagers will “grow out” of a desire to use drugs, even brief amounts of abuse could have lasting effects on their development and physical well-being.
Food Effects. Oral administration of tramadol with food does not significantly affect its rate or extent of absorption, therefore, tramadol can be administered without regard to food.
Researchers are still studying how long marijuana's effects last and whether some changes may be permanent. creating more harmful effects in some people. using the following language: Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. This page was last updated June Drug use and diabetes. Substance abuse isn’t limited to just alcohol. Substance abuse can also include the excessive use of recreational or illegal drugs, which are defined as chemical agents that change the way the brain and body normally caninariojana.comtional and illegal drugs are those that have not been approved by a physician for medical purposes.
The side effects of opiate abuse are fairly varied and may include. Drowsiness.
Lethargy. Paranoia. Respiratory depression. Nausea. Because of the intense high produced by the interaction of several opiates and the brain, the drugs remain extremely addictive, sometimes causing measurable symptoms of addiction in under three days..
Opiates also cause your irises to relax, creating pinprick or. Some of the primary physical effects of drug addiction take place in the brain. Drug addiction changes the way the brain functions and impacts how the body perceives pleasure.
These effects of drug addiction are because the drug repeatedly floods the brain with the chemicals dopamine and serotonin during drug use.