Battle of berlin essay

In this article dated 13 FebruaryGoebbels discusses the bombing of Berlin.

Battle of berlin essay

Battle of berlin essay

Main thrusts of the Red Army and its eastern allies. Starting on 12 Januarythe Red Army began the Vistula—Oder Offensive across the Narew River; and, from Warsaw, a three-day operation on a broad front, which incorporated four army Fronts.

Three German divisions attempts to relieve the encircled Hungarian capital city failed, and Budapest fell to the Soviets on 13 February. Order of battle for the Battle of Berlin The Soviet offensive into central Germany, what later became East Germanyhad two objectives.

Stalin did not believe the Western Allies would hand over territory occupied by them in the post-war Soviet zone, so he began the offensive on a broad front and moved rapidly to meet the Western Allies as far west as possible.

But the overriding objective was to capture Berlin. Another consideration was that Berlin itself held useful post-war strategic assets, including Adolf Hitler and the German atomic bomb programme.

Heinrici correctly assessed that the main Soviet thrust would be made over the Oder River and along the main east-west Autobahn.


Instead, Heinrici arranged for engineers to fortify the Seelow Heightswhich overlooked the Oder River at the point where the Autobahn crossed them. Heinrici thinned out the line in other areas to increase the manpower available to defend the heights.

German engineers turned the Oder's flood plain, already saturated by the spring thaw, into a swamp by releasing the water from a reservoir upstream. Behind the plain on the plateau, the engineers built three belts of defensive emplacements [39] reaching back towards the outskirts of Berlin the lines nearer to Berlin were called the Wotan position.

This freed up Marshal Rokossovsky 's 2nd Belorussian Front to move west to the east bank of the Oder river. While this redeployment was in progress, gaps were left in the lines; and the remnants of General Dietrich von Saucken 's German II Armywhich had been bottled up in a pocket near Danzigmanaged to escape into the Vistula Delta.

Battle of the Oder—Neisse The sector in which most of the fighting in the overall offensive took place was the Seelow Heightsthe last major defensive line outside Berlin. These breakthroughs allowed the two Soviet Fronts to envelop the German 9th Army in a large pocket west of Frankfurt.

Attempts by the 9th Army to break out to the west resulted in the Battle of Halbe. The weight of ordnance delivered by Soviet artillery during the battle was greater than the total tonnage dropped by Western Allied bombers on the city.

The corps was still holding on to the Berlin- Cottbus highway front line. He ordered the IX Army to hold Cottbus and set up a front facing west. This would supposedly allow them to form a northern pincer that would meet the IV Panzer Army coming from the south and envelop the 1st Ukrainian Front before destroying it.

He stressed that it was already too late for it to move north-west to Berlin and would have to retreat west. He declared that the war was lost, blaming the generals for the defeat and that he would remain in Berlin until the end and then kill himself. This assumption was based on his viewing of the captured Eclipse documents, which organised the partition of Germany among the Allies.

In the evening Heinrici was given permission to make the link-up. A Soviet tank spearhead was on the Havel River to the east of Berlin, and another had at one point penetrated the inner defensive ring of Berlin.

Battle of berlin essay

A Soviet war correspondent, in the style of World War II Soviet journalism, gave the following account of an important event which took place on 22 April at We shall stop the Red hordes at the walls of our Berlin.

Steel pillboxesbarricades, mines, traps, suicide squads with grenades clutched in their hands—all are swept aside before the tidal wave. Drizzling rain began to fall. Near Bisdorf I saw batteries preparing to open fire.

World War II for Kids: Battle of Berlin

Then came the tremendous words of command:The Battle of Berlin was a sustained and ultimately successful attack on the German city by the Allied forces in the Soviet Union from April 16–May 2, , during World War II (–).

The Battle of Berlin was one of the final battles of World War 2, fought between the Red Army of the Soviet Union and Germany for the control of the German Capital, Berlin.

This essay will discuss three main parts, the first stage of the battle which was on the outskirts, the second stage which took place in the city itself, and the results and. The final days of the war happened during the battle of Berlin where the Western Allies fought with the Soviets and the Germans ruling the country.

It was a three country battle to . The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, and also known as the Fall of Berlin, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.

The Battle of Berlin SFC Mike Watkins MP SLC Class Abstract This paper will provide a review of the Battle of Berlin. The battle was part of the Soviet offensive in response to /5(1).

Air Campaign Waged by Germany in The Battle of Britain Essay Words | 11 Pages. The Battle of Britain is the name given to the World War II air campaign waged by the German Air Force against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of

The Battle of Berlin