Posted on April 30, by Samiuah Garnes Music has traditionally played an important role in African culture.
Idiophones of Islamic Africa are mainly those of the Middle East or derivations thereof. Outsize hollow clappers shaped like a dumbbell sliced lengthwise are clicked by Moroccan singers, who hold a pair in each hand. An inverted… History It is widely acknowledged that African music has undergone frequent and decisive changes throughout the centuries.
What is termed traditional music today is probably very different from African music in former times. Nor has African music in the past been rigidly linked to specific ethnic groups. The individual musician, his style and creativity, have always played an important role. In ancient times the musical cultures of sub- Saharan Africa extended into North Africa.
Between circa and bc, climatic changes in the Sahara, with a marked wet trend, extended the flora and fauna of the savanna into the southern Sahara and its central highlands.
During this period, human occupation of the Sahara greatly increased, and, along rivers and small lakes, Neolithic, or New Stone Agecultures with a so-called aquatic lifestyle extended from the western Sahara into the Nile River valley.
The aquatic cultures began to break up gradually between and bc, once the peak of the wet period had passed. The wet climate became more and more restricted to shrunken lakes and rivers and, to a greater extent, to the region of the upper Nile.
Today remnants survive perhaps in the Lake Chad area and in the Nile swamps. One is a vivid dance scene discovered in by the French ethnologist Henri Lhote in the Tassili-n-Ajjer plateau of Algeria. Attributed on stylistic grounds to the Saharan period of the Neolithic hunters c.
The body adornment and movement style are reminiscent of dance styles still found in many African societies. Rock painting of a dance performance, Tassili-n-Ajjer, Algeria, attributed to the Saharan period of Neolithic hunters c. Jean-Dominique Lajoux Some of the earliest sources on African music are archaeological.
Although musical instruments made of vegetable materials have not survived in the deposits of sub-Saharan climatic zones, archaeological source material on Nigerian music has been supplied by the representations of musical instruments on stone or terra-cotta from Ife, Yorubaland. These representations show considerable agreement with traditional accounts of their origins.
The double iron clapperless bell seems to have preceded the talking drum. Pellet bells and tubular bells with clappers were known by the 15th century.
Other archaeological finds relating to music include iron bells excavated in the Katanga Shaba region of Congo Kinshasa and at several sites in Zimbabwe. Benin bronze plaques represent a further, almost inexhaustible source for music history, since musical instruments—such as horns, bells, drums, and even bow lutes—are often depicted on them in ceremonial contexts.
Early attempts at notating African music were made by T.
Major and minor migrations of African peoples brought musical styles and instruments to new areas. The single and double iron bellswhich probably originated in Kwa -speaking West Africaspread to western Central Africa with Iron Age Bantu -speaking peoples and from there to Zimbabwe and the Zambezi River valley.
Earlier migrating groups moving eastward from eastern Nigeria and central Cameroon to the East African lakes did not know the iron bells or the time-line patterns associated with them.
Consequently, both traits were absent in East African music until the recent introduction of the time-line patterns of Congolese electric guitar-based music. Beginning in the 17th and 18th centuries, lamellaphones with iron keys, a prominent feature of ancient Zimbabwe and neighbouring kingdoms and chieftainships, spread from the Zambezi valley northward to the kingdoms of Kazembe and Lunda and to the Katangan and Angolan cultures.
In the course of migration, some models became smaller, because they were used as travel instruments; others were modified and gave rise to the numerous types present in western Central Africa during the first half of the 20th century.
For a further description of the lamellaphonesee Idiophones. A small box-resonated lamellaphone, called the likembe in Congo, traveled in the other direction, from the west to the east, northeast, and southeast.
It was invented in the lower Congo region probably not earlier than the midth century, and thereafter it spread upriver with Lingala-speaking porters and colonial servants to the northern Bantu borderland.For instance, if we were to lose indigenous African religions in Africa, then diviners would disappear, and if diviners disappeared, we would not only lose an important spiritual specialist for many Africans, but also an institution that for centuries has been the repository of African .
The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.
Music in Africa is very important when it comes to religion. African American history plays an important role in American history not only because the Civil Rights Movement, but because of the strength and courage of Afro-Americans struggling to .
These aspects of Sub-Saharan music were transferred to the new world by enslaved Sub-Saharan Africans and can be seen in its influence on music forms as Samba, Jazz, Rhythm and Blues, Rock & Roll, Salsa, and Rap music.
Other African musical traditions . Music has traditionally played an important role in African culture. It is essential in representing the strong African heritage and its importance can be seen in many aspects of the culture.
Unlike many cultures today, ancient African cultures encompassed music into their everyday lives. African-American worship: Its heritage, character, and quality R.
Clifford Jones Editorial Note: While the varied cultures of the Christian world each have their beautiful and distinctive ways of worshiping, there is something uniquely enriching about African-American Christian worship.