An introduction to the history of the delaware colony in the united states

An Introduction to U.

An introduction to the history of the delaware colony in the united states

Native Americans[ edit ] Before Delaware was settled by European colonists, the area was home to the Eastern Algonquian tribes known as the Unami Lenapeor Delaware, who lived mostly along the coast, and the Nanticoke who occupied much of the southern Delmarva Peninsula.

They had a settled hunting and agricultural society, and they rapidly became middlemen in an increasingly frantic fur trade with their ancient enemy, the Minqua or Susquehannock. With the loss of their lands on the Delaware River and the destruction of the Minqua by the Iroquois of the Five Nations in the s, the remnants of the Lenape who wished to remain identified as such left the region and moved over the Alleghany Mountains by the midth century.

Generally, those who did not relocate out of the state of Delaware were baptized, became Christian and were grouped together with other persons of color in official records and in the minds of their non-Native American neighbors.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in present-day Delaware in the middle region by establishing a trading post at Zwaanendaelnear the site of Lewes in Within a year all the settlers were killed in a dispute with area Native American tribes.

The colony of New Sweden lasted for 17 years. In the Dutch, reinvigorated by the leadership of Peter Stuyvesantestablished a fort at present-day New Castleand in they conquered the New Sweden colony, annexing it into the Dutch New Netherland.

Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" [20] from the Duke. Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in However, by the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphiaand the other at New Castle.

Account Options

Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties.

The fact that Delaware and Pennsylvania shared the same governor was not unique. From to New York and New Jersey shared a governor. The colony became a slave society and cultivated tobacco as a cash crop, although English immigrants continued to arrive.

American Revolution[ edit ] Like the other middle colonies, the Lower Counties on the Delaware initially showed little enthusiasm for a break with Britain. The citizenry had a good relationship with the Proprietary government, and generally were allowed more independence of action in their Colonial Assembly than in other colonies.

Merchants at the port of Wilmington had trading ties with the British. The person best representing Delaware's majority, George Readcould not bring himself to vote for a Declaration of Independence.

Only the dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for independence. The British remained in control of the Delaware River for much of the rest of the war, disrupting commerce and providing encouragement to an active Loyalist portion of the population, particularly in Sussex County.

Because the British promised slaves of rebels freedom for fighting with them, escaped slaves flocked north to join their lines. Slavery and race[ edit ] Many colonial settlers came to Delaware from Maryland and Virginia, where the population had been increasing rapidly.

Delaware - Wikipedia

The economies of these colonies were chiefly based on tobacco culture and were increasingly dependent on slave labor for its labor-intensive cultivation because of a decline in working class immigrants from England.

Most of the English colonists had arrived as indentured servantsunder contracts to work as laborers for a fixed period to pay for their passage. In the early years the line between indentured servants and African slaves or laborers was fluid, and the working classes often lived closely together.

Most of the free African-American families in Delaware before the Revolution had migrated from Maryland to find more affordable land. They were descendants chiefly of relationships or marriages between white servant women and enslaved, servant or free African or African-American men.

As the flow of indentured laborers to the colony decreased with improving economic conditions in England, more slaves were imported for labor and the caste lines hardened.

By the end of the colonial period, the number of enslaved people in Delaware began to decline. Shifts in the agriculture economy from tobacco to mixed farming resulted in less need for slaves' labor. In addition local Methodists and Quakers encouraged slaveholders to free their slaves following the American Revolution, and many did so in a surge of individual manumissions for idealistic reasons.

By three-quarters of all blacks in Delaware were free. When John Dickinson freed his slaves inhe was Delaware's largest slave owner with 37 slaves. Bythe largest slaveholder owned 16 slaves. By the census on the verge of the Civil War Spencer built a church in Wilmington for the new denomination.

InSpencer called for the first annual gathering, known as the Big August Quarterlywhich continues to draw members of this denomination and their descendants together in a religious and cultural festival.

Delaware voted against secession on January 3,and so remained in the Union. While most Delaware citizens who fought in the war served in the regiments of the state, some served in companies on the Confederate side in Maryland and Virginia Regiments. Delaware is notable for being the only slave state from which no Confederate regiments or militia groups were assembled.

Delaware essentially freed the few slaves that were still in bondage shortly after the Civil War, but rejected the 13th14thand 15th Amendments to the Constitution; the 13th Amendment was rejected on February 8,the 14th Amendment was rejected on February 8,and the 15th Amendment was rejected on March 18, Delaware officially ratified the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments on February 12, The Delaware Colony (The American Colonies) [Muriel L.

An introduction to the history of the delaware colony in the united states

Dubois] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Provides an introduction to the history, government, economy, resources, and people of the Delaware Colony. Includes maps. Provides an introduction to the history, government, economy, resources, and people of the Delaware Colony.

Includes maps, charts, and a timeline. Juvenile Nonfiction / History / General Juvenile Nonfiction / History / United States / Colonial & Revolutionary Periods Juvenile Nonfiction / History / United States / General:Reviews: 1.

On December 7, , Delaware, became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution. Before that, it was the only colony to be claimed by Sweden, Holland and England.

And before that, there is some evidence that Egyptian explorers found their way to the state. The log cabin was introduced. Introduction. Delaware was one of the Thirteen Colonies that participated in the American Revolution and on December 7, , it became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, thereby becoming known as The First State.

A Brief History of the Delaware,

On December 7, , Delaware, became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution. Before that, it was the only colony to be claimed by Sweden, Holland and England.

And before that, there is some evidence that Egyptian explorers found their way to the state. The log cabin was introduced.

The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.

In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North America.

Colonial America for Kids: The Thirteen Colonies